Relying on a wealth of primary data on tourism Tourism and Poverty addresses a critical question facing many academics, governments, aid agencies, tourism organizations, and conservation bodies around the world: can tourism work as a tool to overcome poverty? Conclusion About the Author Regina Scheyvens heads the Institute of Development Studies at Massey University, New Zealand. The originality of the research lies in retheorising enterprise alternatives for transnational Tongans, development of a Pacific-framed view of transnational enterprise, and method that captures exchange complexities. Tourism, globalisation and poverty-alleviation: Compatible goals?. Presented at Association of American Geographers. In other words, tourism is a key economic sector that has implications for societies and cultures in this region. McElroy, de Albuquerque, and Dioguardi 1993 focus on one of those possibilities. The paper suggests effective ways in which national planning can both encourage private sector actors to support poverty reduction and facilitate the involvement of wider sectors of society in tourism development.
An examination of the mining and tourism industries in the Pacific. The first hypothesis that stated that 'Gender of the students does not affect the choice of higher tourism education' was accepted. These activities are theorised within transnational contexts 'from below' micro , 'above' macro , 'middling' meso , and 'from above' macro levels. Despite research on the impacts of remittances and other transnational exchange activities on livelihoods in Tonga and in migrant host countries, there has been little research on the interwoven dependencies and relationships amongst home, host, local and diasporan nodes, or the impact of short-term visits in both directions. Tourism, a sector with significant potential for the entire region, has been buffeted by massive external shocks.
Tourism education is particularly pivotal in ensuring that the industry has personnel that is competent and proficient in delivering services sustainably. From the study results, the female respondents were 57% and on the other hand 42. Drawing on a range of examples from across the Third World,Mowforth and Munt expertlyillustrate the social, economic and environmental conditions that continue to affect the tourism industry. This fundamentally influences how customary land development is negotiated. The originality of the research lies in retheorising enterprise alternatives for transnational Tongans, development of a Pacific-framed view of transnational enterprise and method that captures exchange complexities. Hence, the purpose of the study was to determine whether gender and availability of funds affect the choice of higher tourism education by students of Moi University, Eldoret. We anticipate that our research will construct a new way of theorising Pacific economies.
Despite research on the impacts of remittances and other transnational exchange activities on livelihoods in Tonga and in migrant host countries, there has been little research on the interwoven dependencies and relationships amongst home, host, local, and diasporan nodes or the impact of short-term visits in both directions. Descriptive statistic was used to address the research objectives. Relying on a wealth of primary data on tourism, Regina Scheyvens supports her findings with novel case studies such as innovative partnerships between resorts and fledgling indigenous businesses in Fiji, Oxfam's work to connect the agriculture and tourism sectors in the Caribbean, and difficulties in alleviating poverty in the Maldives despite the growth of luxury tourism. However, much of the existing body of African writings is focused upon questions relating to international leisure tourism. Tourism Reduces Poverty: Tourism Industry Approaches 6. Waves of adversity, layers of resilience: Exploring the sustainable livelihoods approach. Proceedings of the Third Biennial Conference of theAotearoa New Zealand International Development Studies Network.
The pro-poor impacts of informal variants of business tourism are explored through a review of available research. This research will extend conceptualisation of the private sector's roles in community development by building on fieldwork at four tourism and mining case study sites across the Pacific. This project is funded by a Marsden Fund Grant, a contestable fund administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand on behalf of the Marsden Fund Council. She has also published articles on themes such as backpacker tourism, tourism in small island states, ecotourism, empowerment and sustainable tourism in a wide range of tourism and development studies journals. Can corporations do community development? This book will challenge the way academics and tourism professionals understand the current and potential role of tourism in alleviating poverty. Informal sector business tourism is shown as the domain of migrant entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa.
Connections: The teaching and learning of geography at New Zealand universities: Part 2 - Geography at Massey in the twenty first century. Waves of adversity, layers of resilience: Exploring the sustainable livelihoods approach. So how exactly does tourism contribute to narrowing this glaring inequality between the rich and poor? New Zealand Journal of Geography. Descriptive statistic was used to address the research objectives. A Comparative Analysis of Aid Policy in New Zealand and the United Kingdom in the 2010s.
The future is now: Exploring corporate community development initiatives in the Pacific. Logarithmic values of the variables are included in to the analysis. On whether gender influenced the choice of education, 51. Debates about tourism and poverty and around 'pro-poor tourism' are at the forefront of current tourism scholarship in Africa. The analysis fills a gap in knowledge regarding the impact of short visits on diasporan livelihoods, with implications for labour policy in home and diasporan locations to encourage youth to stay longer and older people to return sooner. While in the 1950s tourism was identified as a modernisation strategy that could help newly-independent Third World countries to earn foreign exchange, in the 1970s and 1980s many social scientists argued that poor people and non-Western countries are typically excluded from or disadvantaged by what tourism can offer. This book is the first to present a focused description and critique of the issues surrounding poverty and tourism.
This book is the first to present a focused description and critique of the issues surrounding poverty and tourism. International tourism is increasing at an unprecedented rate. The prognosis for a sharp turnaround in any of these areas is poor, and concerted efforts must be made to kick-start growth to secure employment prospects and incomes of Pacific islanders. The E-mail message field is required. My research focuses on the relationship between tourism, sustainable development and poverty reduction, and I have conducted fieldwork on these issues in Fiji, Vanuatu, Samoa, the Maldives and in Southern Africa.
Two major books have emerged from this research: Tourism for Development: Empowering Communities Pearson, 2002 , and Tourism and Poverty Routledge, 2011. The purpose of the study was to determine how age and education level influenced the choice of higher education in tourism by students of Moi University, Eldoret. Did not the first edition of Land and Development in the Caribbean by Besson and Momsenl point out that context is central in the Caribbean, that ways of development are not intrinsically good or bad but rather they are dependent upon how and why they are implemented, in different settings, through different practices? Tourism and Sustainability critically explores the most significant universal geopolitical norms of the last half century - development, globalisation and sustainability - and through the lens of new forms of tourism demonstrates how we can better get to grips with the rapidly changing new global order. The methodology, grounded in Pacific and Western ontologies, co-creatively analyses the exchange and enterprise activities of families on a remote island of Tonga with high out-migration, compared with their relatives in Auckland, New Zealand. This proposition is alluring given that tourism is a significant or growing economic sector in most countries with high levels of poverty. This article highlights the existence of different forms of business tourism in sub-Saharan Africa and draws an important distinction between formal business tourism and an extensive segment of informal sector business tourism.
Our article indicates that such a simple, straight-line relationship between increased crowding and a decrease in the rate of change may not be inevitable; indeed, diseconomies of scale may be avoided. Proceedings of the 3rd Biennial Conference of the Aotearoa New Zealand International Development Studies Network. Sustainable Tourism: The 98' International Geographic Union Study Group Meeting. Our project investigates the involvement of mining and tourism corporations in community development initiatives in the Pacific. This book is the first to present a focused description and critique of the issues surrounding poverty and tourism. Tourism and Poverty addresses a critical question facing many academics, governments, aid agencies, tourism organizations, and conservation bodies around the world: can tourism work as a tool to overcome poverty? In addition, governments need to establish an effective policy environment and play a stronger regulatory role if sustainable, equity-enhancing tourism is to emerge.